Architectural design process is the scientific study of existing ideas, thought and thinking in getting detail solution of an architectural design. It’s explained that the difference between architectural design process and scientific methods is that, architectural design is concerned with how things ought to be done while natural sciences are concerned with how things are. Generally it is considered that the difference between architectural, mechanical and industrial design processes is the aspect of the problem considered, the primary source of knowledge, the degree of commitment made to output statement, the level of detail, and finally the method of transformation. Design process is a method that reveals how things are created.
Illustrates the composition of four different activities in architectural design. Assimilation represents the process of gathering information related to the proposed design such as verbal communication with client and documentation of the design brief. The complete analysis of design problem and the identification of most suitable design solution constitute the components of general study. The growth and refinement of tentative solutions isolated during general study is what is referred to as development. Finally, communication is the act of representation design information to design teams, client, user and general public.
Architectural design is a combination of graphical and theoretical solution to a problem, such as residential design, industrial design, institutional design, religious design, and commercial design. The solution take the forms of plans, elevations, sections, details, perspective, graph, analysis of proposed and existing features. Table I, demonstrates stages involve in architectural design process. In solving these problems, designers’ use thinking and drawing as a tool in achieving the required creative result. Creativity and Innovation is important throughout the life span of the project. Some of its functions include generation and improvement of design idea together with improving perception of aesthetics on physical elements use for facade design. Other functions of creativity-innovation include choice and application of modern building materials.
Designers/Architects generate analysis of their design ideas through drawings, written word and verbal expressions. Idea generation is an activity that transforms conceptual idea to concrete idea. Technique like brainstorming is commonly applied by designers for idea generation purposes. It is obvious that such a critical part of human endeavor is an important part of the design process.
Imagery is a mental picture in which a designer formulates in his/her mind a design and such representation comes in abstract form. The designer uses mental imagery and perception as a tool to represent his ideas at the mental stage. Mental imagery is an idea that was generated, evaluated, and transformed by the designer as a solution to a design problem. Meanwhile, perception is an idea which is triggered by a similar experiential idea either from a stored memory or perceived from the physical element of the immediate environment or the product of objects or events that exist.
Evidence of the importance of mental imagery in memory, reasoning and invention, and research reveal that awesome proportion of the brain is dedicated to vision. Evidence from cognitive science suggests that the mind uses imagery and verbal processes for complementary and interdependent purposes. This suggests that it may be an error to separate, as one tends to do visual or depicts from propositional mode of education. It has been scientifically indicated that visual thinking use different brain systems from verbal. When a person visualizes something blood runs faster in the visual cortex. Research carried out on patients’ show that injury to the left half of the brain can stop the generation of visual images. Mental imagery is a vital tool for brainstorming activities. It is in these activities that “mental synthesis” is employed in the process of analysis and evaluation.
All designers are concerned with the visual aspect of their design. Some designers use mental imagery to measure and ensure their design address the intended problem. Designers visualize designs being used in every possible situation through the process of grappling with the design problem until it is finally solved. Visualization is a medium that generates design and technically presents it to the owner or client and the design team in facilitating the design process. This medium includes drawings, written word or verbal expression. Illustrates how visual representations are classified into categorical descriptions that represent abstract ideas or sign constraints and visual specific spatial depiction.
Innovations in building materials are by no means a simple process. Initially, the material is invented or introduced, followed by testing the material, improving performance and finally expanding the development of the material. Newly innovated building materials such as carbon fiber, glass fiber, Teflon glass fabric, translucent glazing, carbon naan tubes, spider silk, Kevlar, Styrofoam are used by architects and engineers in innovating complex designs. These newly innovated building materials offered designers and engineers the opportunity to innovate all sort of complex designs.